Adding New Fields to the attachment of wordpress

Recently I was developing plugin for image features. I have to add some fields to the attachment window of wordpress or I can say in Add media box.

We can achieve this by using two hooks of wordpress.
“attachment_fields_to_edit” and “attachment_fields_to_save”;


  • $form_fields is a special array which will be described in detail in a moment.
  • $post is the attachment as an object (attachments are treated as post objects in WordPress).


  • $post is the attachment as an array (attachments are treated as post objects in WordPress).
  • $attachment is the attachment part of the form $_POST which will include the fields setup through the attachment_fields_to_edit hook.

Note: Be careful in your code, as $post is sent to one function as an object and to the other as an array.

We will add this fields information to Custom Fields.

How to add this Fields to Custom Fields for Working is Properly

The new fields being added will be saved as post meta, just like the custom fields section of the post/page edit screen. Fields prefixed with an underscore (_my_custom_field) will not be listed in the drop down of available custom fields on the post/page screen; all other existing post meta fields will be listed. We can use this knowledge to hide the fields we’re adding to the media form, since they aren’t relevant for posts/pages.

There is a similar rule to keep in mind when choosing the $form_fields array key to use for your new field. Here, if you use an underscore ($form_fields[‘_my_custom_field’]) your field will be skipped and will not be added to the form.

So in order to show our fields in the media form, but also not list them in the page/post custom fields drop down, we must combine both methods. This will invlove both the edit and save functions we’ll be creating. For the ‘attachment_fields_to_edit‘ hook we’ll set the $form_fields keys up to not have underscore prefixes, and for the ‘attachment_fields_to_save‘ hook we’ll prefix our fields with an underscore before saving them as post meta. This is a workaround worth doing in order to not muddy our users’ interface with unneeded info.

Hook 1: attachment_fields_to_edit

The $form_fields array has several options for including different types of inputs and custom content. I’ve compiled the various methods below with notes and screenshots of how they render in the form.

Text Input

Hook 2: attachment_fields_to_save

Saving your custom fields is a much simpler process than adding them to the form; just check if your field is set and update its value as post meta. Remeber to prefix your field with an underscore when saving to hide it on the post/page edit screen.

You can also add errors here that will automatically be displayed below your field in the form. The$post['errors'] array gets merged with the $form_fields array before being sent through theattachment_fields_to_edit hook.

Thanks to

I have posted here for my future reference.


How to make your site listed in major Search Engine


Google is the probably best engine to be listed in. It is one of the most widely searched and they offer tools to help you in designing your page.

There are two things you need to do if you want your page listed in google.

First, submit your site name to the Google add url form. After that, I highly suggest you sign up for their sitemap program. If you need help designing your sitemap to submit, you can use mine and just edit the urls to what you want. The syntax is easy enough to understand, just replace my links with the important pages of your site. Example sitemap is as below:

feel free to copy and paste and edit to your liking. Once you are done, place the sitemap.xml in your home directory and submit to Google. The sitemap program will tell you where your page is ranked, what search results show your page, and if your site has any errors, like broken links.

At this point, create a robots.txt file, and place it in your home directory, if you haven’t already made one.
Example robots.txt as below:

, when creating yours however, the only line you really need is the following:


Yahoo! & Lycos

Yahoo! is another great engine to have your page listed in. Submit your url again to Yahoo! here. Yahoo! does not have a sitemap program, but there is something similar you can do. If your website runs PHP, there is a script you can use to convert the sitemap.xml you used for Google into a map that you can use for Yahoo!. I read this article to make the yahoo.txt file that can be used as a yahoo sitemap. To do the same, below is the PHP Script.

Copy and upload it to your server in the same directory as your sitemap.xml. I found this script here. Run the script through your browser, and it will generate a file called yahoo.txt. Example yahoo.txt is as follow:

After you generate this yahoo.txt file, go to the yahoo submission url again, and for the url, put the location of your yahoo.txt and submit. Lycos is included in this because it uses the Yahoo! search engine to find websites.


MSN / Bing

MSN was the quickest to add my site to their search engine. Once again, just submit your site to the MSN add url form here. Soon, if you have AWStats setup or a similar website stat list for your page, you will notice the MSN bot has visited your page and hopefully added you to the index.


Ask Jeeves

Ask Jeeves the hardest search engine to be listed in. There is no free add url form for this search engine. You do have the option of paying Ask a fee to be included in the results, but I wouldn’t suggest it, since I have gotten this site in Ask for free, it just took a lot longer. Submit your site to the Open Directory Project here. You have to pick a category for your page and provide a good description on why you should be listed to be accepted. If your site does get popular enough to be listed in the other search engines, there is still a good chance the AskJeeves bot will visit your page and include you in the search directory.


Tips To Get Listed

Content is the most important thing to get listed. Search engines will not add your page if you have an “Under Construction” or “Coming Soon” notice on every single page.

The more websites that link to your page, the faster you will get listed. Put your website in your signature in online forums that you visit.

Search engines may take up a week to list you, be patient and make sure you have some type of web stats so you can tell if the bots have visited your site yet.

Note: This Post is for my future use only.

Email Crawler Script PHP MySQL

This script is useful for crawling the emails from the website in recursive manner. this is really very easy class to call and starting crawling emails.

Note: I found it somewhere on internet. I put it here for my future reference. It also useful to people who wants this type of script.






Javascript Validator Script

Hi Friends,

Today I will write on JavaScript Validation. Earlier when I started my technical career, I have always have to write JavaScript validation for my every form in every website it takes so much time of me. So I started looking forward for such script available on the internet.

Here is one of the script available on the internet:

JavaScript Form Validation Script

This is very easy script to work on. There few easy steps to make this work

  1. Download the script from here javascript_form. The main Link where I found this is Link.
  2. Attach “gen_validatorv4.js” in your form page
  3. Display Form
  4. Attach Validator to the form element

Here is the example:



Thank you



Transfer MySQL Database Server to Server Using cPanel

Hello Friends,

Few days ago I have project to transfer MySQL Database from one server to another. I don’t want to use my internet bandwidth for this large database by downloading to my local computer and then uploading this to another server. Rather I was thinking of transferring this by one server to another.

Below is the syntax to do that.

Before Using this you have to setup few thing in you local machine.

  • Install MySQL
  • Open command prompt.
  • Locate “bin” directory in MySQL Installation in Command Prompt
  • Create Database in Destination or Target Server
  • Make Remote Connection allowed on both Destination and Source Server.
  • fire command with your own parameter.

Please feel free to ask any question.

Thank you.


Streaming File to the Browser

Hi Guys,

I hope you all are well. Today I am going to write post on How can make to user download the file from the another website without showing them that the file is actually coming from another server?

This can help many beginners PHP User to to Hide File URL Location in PHP. Here is the example how can u fetch file from other website and give download to the user like its downloading from our website.

Here is the Nice code:

Very Easy to understand.

Ask if you Have any query.

Thank you.. 🙂


URL Rewriting Using htaccess file and PHP Apache

Hello friends,

From long time I was wondering how this URL rewriting is working. I have seen many website with pretty URLs. Also I found the URL Rewriting also helps in Better SEO (Search Engine Optimization).

After Reading bunch of tutorial and forums, I think this is very easy to make just few steps to follow and need knowledge of regular expression.

Steps for Implementing URL rewrite in you website.

  1. Enable mod_rewrite in Apache Server
  2. Create Htaccess file.
  3. Call the URL with New URL Defined.

Enabling mod_rewrite in Apache Server

For enabling mod_rewrite on Apache Server follow these steps:

  1. Find http.conf file in Apache server. Generally this file resides in conf folder of Apache installation PATH. XAMPP server path is C:\xampp\apache\conf on windows. Probably WAMP Path is C:\wamp\apache\conf.
  2. Find the line #LoadModule rewrite_module modules/ in the “httpd.conf” file. You can do this easily by searching the keyword “mod_rewrite” from find menu.
  3. Uncomment the line. http.conf file use # to comment the line. So remove the # from begining of the line.
  4. Restart the server. In WAMP you can restart the server by click the icon of WAMP in system tray in right bottom side of the windows. For XAMPP you can open XAMPP control and restart the server.
  5. You can check the mod_rewrite is enabled using phpinfo();

Create HTACCESS file

Lets consider one real world example for creating and understading HTACCESS file and its rules. HTACCESS file uses RewriteRule for define the rule for URL rewriting. This will show you good example for regular expression, rewrite rules & conditions.

For example, create file testhtaccess.php. Write

Create second file testhtaccess.html and Write

This is simple text written in the both the files so that we can differentiate when we rewrite the URL which file is called.

Create Third file .htaccess in same folder of the server where these two files are and Write

The first line turns RewiteEnging On. It will allow the server to rewrite the URL. Second line is the rule for URL rewriting. “^/” says that from starting any type of character and any number of character are allowed. Then there is “?testhtaccess\.html”  \ is for escaping the . in name and there is $ which implies that this is end for rule. This is first Parameter for RewriteRule. Now second parameter tells which files to call when url is matched.

So here when we call testaccess.html file is will be rewite the url and call testhtaccess.php file. This will done internally and URL remains the same.

Lets go now little complex for this. lets say that we have URL and Query String like as below:

we need to rewrite is like

Now we have to tell the apache that whenever this second rewrited url called it should internally call first URL with query string. Now for the ditails.php script to read and parse the query string, we’ll need to use regular expressions to tell mod_rewrite how to match the two URIs. For this you should have knowledge of regular expression. Even though I am going to explain some key factor of regular expression.

. (dot) – Matches any Single Character eg. c.t will match cat, cut, cot

+ (Plus) – repeates the previous match one more time

* (asterik) – repeats the previous match zero or mote times

? (question mark) – Makes the match optional

^ (anchor) – matches beginning of the string

$ (anchor) – matches end of the string

( ) – group several character into single unit

[ ] -a character class – matches one of the characters. it used for range of the character.

 [^ ] – negative character class – matches any character not specified.

Note: ! character can be used before a regular  expression to negate it.

Now for our example we can use


for replace Rewrite URL with Actual URL. Using ( ) we can make a variable which can be used on later. This Variable can accessed by

Value incremented automatically on the sequence of occurring of the ( ).

This will replace the Rewrite URL with Actual One.  [a-zA-Z_]+ will match any string in lowercase or Uppercase. Its in small bracket ( ) so that it store its value in $1 and when it occurs second time it will store its value in $2.

This is so simple as we can see. I have written this post for the beginners like me. I written what I learn reading other forums and blog which are seems to be very complex for understanding it.

Any Correction and advice from you friends will be appreciated.

Thank you Please comment here if any questions.. 🙂

How to Improve MySQL Large Database Performance

Hello friends,

This is my first post for the blog. Recently I have worked on two large database projects on   backend MySQL Database. During the period of the project I came across with many problems and somehow I managed them all.

Many of you also came across with the same MySQL Database problem with Performance. Query is not running well etc. During this period  I read many blogs and forums to solve these problems. I have figured out some tips or can say some points which we should taken care of.

Database Engine (MYISAM vs. Innodb)

Both MySQL Database engines have its own pros and cons that we have to decide which type of db engine will work great for us. Below are some concerns with this two engines:


  • MYISAM use less memory
  • It allows full text search
  • It locks the table while writing
  • It is useful for application in which reading is high and fewer write


  • It uses more memory
  • It does not support full text search
  • InnoDB provides faster performance
  • It lock the table at row level while writing to the table
  • It works great for the application which make extensive use of read and write both


Good Database Design

Good database design is a backbone for the application performance. Bad design makes application performance less. Table must be normalized. Data Structure is the main factor which must be developed carefully. Every Developer must give time for each table and fields for making good design. You should give proper data type to each field. When you done with database creation, you would like to see what is MySQL suggest you for your database table. Here is the Command which can help you to get this information:

You can find full description here:


What many of us is knowing that indexes help us to increase the speed of query. Many times indexes create confusion in mind. Creating of proper indexes for the table is necessary but do make table overhead of indexes as indexes take space on the disk. So it increases the workload on the disk. Working on my project I many time need to add and delete column from large table which takes so much time. For increasing performance we can make index ON of OFF. so before whenever I start my database operation I make the index key off and do the operation when operations completed I again makes indexes ON. So rather than making new indexes on my each operation, it will make new index when I male Index on so its only one time. for turning on and index I use below syntax:


Tuning MySQL

Hardware makes as important role as other things in database tuning. Our hardware needs just as much attention and tuning as our database and script does. It is also need to check MySQL Configuration file what type of changes we have make to the configuration. There is one tool available which is perl script. You can download and Install on server It tells that which type of configuration change you can make improve the performance.


Note: This are the simple things which I feel good to use and take care for better performance.